Polskie Koleje Państwowe S.A.

Polskie Koleje Państwowe S.A. is a parent company of PKP Group, which has been operating on a holding company basis since 2022. PKP S.A. is also one of the largest property managers in Poland - of land, buildings, structures and residential premises. Properties of PKP S.A. include both facilities with functions related to rail transport services and properties of a typically commercial nature. The Company's aim is to manage the properties in such a way as to maximise their potential and reap long-term profits.

Polish State Railway (PKP) own the majority (approximately 90%) of the railway stations in use, and one of the Company's priorities is to ensure a high standard of service, including safety for travellers using these facilities and rail services. The Company is currently implementing the largest railway station investment programme in its history, under which a total of about 200 facilities will be modernised or built. Some of the station investments have already been completed. The Company also initiates projects for the logistics industry and carries out tasks in the area of research and development.

Polskie Koleje Państwowe cooperates closely with all participants in the railway market in Poland as well as with state and local government institutions.

PKP S.A. represents the Polish railway on the international arena, including all key international industry organisations with a European and global reach. The cooperation with  the institutions of the European Union is coordinated by Representative Office of PKP in Brussels.

PKP Group

PKP Group was established in 2001 as a result of the restructuring of the state-owned enterprise Polskie Koleje Państwowe (Polish State Railways) and was later transformed into a holding company in the year 2022. PKP Group comprises companies performing tasks in the areas of passenger and freight transport, forwarding and logistics, maintenance and modernization of infrastructure, property management, construction, IT and telecommunications, maintenance and modernization of rolling stock, and other services. The resources of the PKP Group are used by almost all entities operating on the railway market in Poland, including local government and commercial entities.

PKP Group seeks to develop and build a strong market position, using the synergy effect, while remembering its history, traditions and the experience and achievements of previous generations of railwaymen. PKP Group's activities are fully in line with national and European strategies related to the idea of sustainable development, one element of which is to use the potential of railways and as the safest and most ecological means of transport and its development.

The mission of the PKP Group is to provide the highest quality railway transport services, implemented in supply chains with respect for the principles of economic efficiency, provided in accordance with the assumptions of transport policy, within the national and European logistic system of an open market economy. PKP Group, as an economically efficient, modern organisation with high social prestige, strives to permanently provide services functionally integrated with the national and European economic system, which are safe, accessible, punctual, innovative, ecological and competitive with other transport branches in supply chains.

Entities constituting the PKP Group holding

Parent company

  • Polskie Koleje Państwowe S.A.

Key companies

  • PKP Linia Hutnicza Szerokotorowa Sp. z o.o.
  • PKP Intercity S.A.
  • PKP Szybka Kolej Miejska w Trójmieście Sp. z o.o.
  • PKP Informatyka Sp. z o.o.
  • PKP TELKOL Sp. z o.o.
  • Kolejowe Zakłady Łączności Sp. z o.o.
  • Xcity Investment Sp. z o.o.
  • CS Natura Tour Sp. z o.o.

Supporting Companies

  • PKP Intercity Remtrak Sp. z o.o.
  • WARS S.A.
  • PKP CARGO Terminale Sp. z o.o.
  • PKP CARGOTABOR Sp. z o.o.
  • PKP CARGO SERVICE Sp. z o.o.
  • PKP CARGO CONNECT Sp. z o.o.
  • CARGOSPED Terminal Braniewo Sp. z o.o.
  • Transgaz S.A.

Information on the corporate governance exercised by Polskie Koleje Państwowe S.A., including companies with PKP S.A. shareholding (link: https://www.pkp.pl/pl/serwis-korporacyjny/nadzor-wlascicielski)

Information on companies in which rights from Treasury shares are exercised by the President of the Council of Ministers or other members of the Council of Ministers, government plenipotentiaries or state legal persons, including companies fully owned by the Treasury (link: https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails.xsp?id=WDU20210000168)

Our history

The first railway lines together with the relevant infrastructure were established on Polish territory in the first half of the 19th century.

The Polskie Koleje Państwowe (Polish State Railways), subordinate to the Ministry of Communications, were functional as early as November 1918, in line with the restoration of Poland's independence, gradually covering successive parts of the country.

In 1926, the Polish State Railways were established as an enterprise operating according to commercial law. The legal basis for changing the status of the PKP was the Decree of the President of the Republic of Poland of 24 September 1926 on the establishment of the enterprise "Polish State Railways". In this form, the PKP functioned until the Second World War. After the end of World War II and after the political transformation in 1989, PKP functioned mainly in the form of an enterprise under the authority of the ministries responsible for transport, and in selected periods of time, as the General Directorates of PKP operating within these ministries.

The year 2000 saw the beginning of the largest ever reform of the Polish railways, which was initiated by the coming into force of the Legal Act of 8 September 2000 on the Commercialisation and Restructuring of the State Enterprise "Polskie Koleje Państwowe". At the beginning of 2001 Polskie Koleje Państwowe began its work as a joint stock company with the State Treasury as its sole shareholder. In the following months of 2001, companies responsible for railway infrastructure, passenger and freight transport, energy, telecommunications, IT and other areas were created. The entities created then, and as a result of subsequent transformations, formed the PKP Group. The PKP reform of 2000-2001 was also one of the largest restructuring programmes in the history of independent Poland. It had a decisive impact on the current state of the railway market in Poland and its main premise was the new type of organization of railways based on the structure of commercial law companies.

On 17 August 2022, the PKP Holding Agreement has been signed - a multilateral agreement crowning several years of work on the creation of a holding company. The main objective of transforming PKP Group into a holding company is to strengthen the market position of the Polish railway and its further development.